Ovulation and your Conception Chances by Day
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Your chance of getting pregnant changes dramatically depending on when it is in your ovulation cycle. This video will show you how likely you are to get pregnant on any particular day of the month - whether you're trying to conceive or hoping you don't!
Transcript: A woman's chances of getting pregnant change dramatically throughout her menstrual cycle - in fact, you...
A woman's chances of getting pregnant change dramatically throughout her menstrual cycle - in fact, you are over thirty times more likely to conceive if you have sex at the right time! Whether you're trying to get pregnant - or trying not to get pregnant - it's critical to understand how your ovulation cycle affects your fertility. Ovulation occurs when an egg is released from a woman's ovary, and is pushed down the fallopian tube, making it available to be fertilized. Ovulation and menstruation are both part of a woman's monthly cycle - in fact, menstruation is the process that the female body uses to shed the egg released during ovulation if it isn't fertilized. Women are most fertile when they are ovulating, so the probability of unprotected sex leading to pregnancy changes throughout the course of a woman's monthly cycle. When a woman is at her most fertile, just before she ovulates, unprotected sex with a healthy partner will result in pregnancy 30% of the time! But on average, the likelihood of unprotected sex leading to pregnancy is much smaller - between 3% and 5%. Women ovulate at different times in their monthly cycle, so if you don't know exactly when you're ovulating, this chart can still tell you what the average risk of pregnancy is on each day of your cycle. Day one is the day when a woman starts bleeding. For most women, the chances of getting pregnant from having unprotected sex once during the first five to seven days of the cycle is under 1%. From the seventh day to the twenty first day of a woman's cycle her chances of getting pregnant rise dramatically. Most women ovulate during this two week period. As a result, the average woman's chance of getting pregnant from having unprotected sex just one time is more than 4% from day 9 to day 19 of her cycle, and is over 8% from day 12 to day 14 of her cycle. After the 21st day of the cycle, most women have less than a 2% chance of getting pregnant each time they have unprotected sex. Remember - a woman's actual chance of getting pregnant on any given day of her cycle depends on when she actually ovulates. But even if you don't know when you're ovulating, these statistics can provide you with some good guidelines. If you're trying to conceive, these guidelines may help - but you'll improve your chances by determining when you're actually ovulating. And, if you don't want to get pregnant, this information might be interesting, but it's definitely no substitute for birth control!More »
Last Modified: 2012-12-12 | Tags »
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Some women think they can get pregnant at any given time but this is simply not the case. Watch this video for more information about when you can pregnant.
Transcript: Believe it or not, you can ONLY conceive during your small fertile window, which occurs during each cycle,...
Believe it or not, you can ONLY conceive during your small fertile window, which occurs during each cycle, on the five days before, and the actual day of, ovulation. During ovulation, the ovary sends a mature egg through the fallopian tube and into the uterus, where it can be fertilized by your partner's sperm. Egg release typically occurs in the middle of your cycle. You can determine your cycle length by noting the number of days from the first day of one period to the first day of the next. Keeping a menstrual calendar will allow you to know at a glance when your fertile window opens.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-13 | Tags »
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In vitro fertilization, or IVF, is where eggs and sperm from a couple are collected and joined together outside the body. For more information watch this video.
Transcript: Only five percent of couples with infertility problems have in vitro fertilization-but many of them are...
Only five percent of couples with infertility problems have in vitro fertilization-but many of them are rewarded with a baby. In vitro fertilization, or IVF, involves collecting eggs and sperm from a couple and joining them together outside the body. The embryos are then injected into the woman's uterus. IVF is expensive and invasive, and is not a first resort for infertile couples. However, if other treatment methods have not resulted in pregnancy, and your doctor decides that IVF is right for you, here's what you can expect. Your doctor will start by injecting you daily with fertility hormones. This will bolster your egg production. You will then be tested, either by an ultrasound or blood-work, to determine if your eggs are ready for retrieval. The eggs must be retrieved just before they emerge from the follicles in the ovaries. If the eggs are not taken out at the right time, they will not develop properly. When it's time for your egg removal, you will be at least mildly sedated. Your doctor will then use an ultrasound to locate and remove the eggs with a hollow needle. Immediately following the retrieval, your eggs will be mixed in a laboratory with your partner's sperm, which he will have donated shortly before. You will then go home to wait a few days for the fertilized eggs, or embryos, to reach a more advanced developmental stage. When the embryos are ready, you will return to your doctor to be injected with one or more of them. Luckily, injecting the fertilized embryos is less complex than harvesting your eggs. Your doctor will simply insert a catheter into your vagina and inject the fertilized eggs up into your uterus. Several hours later, you will be discharged to wait and see if the pregnancy has taken. To increase the chances of pregnancy, your doctor may recommend injecting up to four embryos at once. This can, however, result in multiple pregnancies, which may increase the health risks to both you and your babies. While age is a major factor in the success of IVF, about 35 percent of women under 40 who have the procedure will deliver a baby.More »
Last Modified: 2012-09-29 | Tags »
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If you and your partner are having trouble conceiving, clomid may be able to help you. Watch this video to help you in understanding clomid.
Transcript: If you're having trouble getting pregnant, a drug called clomiphene may be your doctor's first recommendation.Clomiphene...
If you're having trouble getting pregnant, a drug called clomiphene may be your doctor's first recommendation.Clomiphene is a fertility medication sold under the brands Clomid and Serophene. This drug is usually prescribed for women who ovulate irregularly or not at all. Here's how clomiphene works for women: Several days into the menstrual cycle, you will take a pill every day for five days. The medication encourages your brain's hypothalamus to produce lutenizing hormone, which tells your ovaries to release eggs into your fallopian tubes. You'll generally ovulate between five and 12 days after you finish the last pill. During this time, your doctor will monitor you carefully to see whether your ovaries are preparing to release an egg. Clomiphene is quite effective at stimulating ovulation-in fact, 80 percent of women who take it ovulate within several cycles. (20) But ovulation does not guarantee conception, and only about 40 percent of women taking clomiphene actually get pregnant. Clomiphene can also help men who have a low sperm count or who have poor sperm quality. When a man takes Clomid, it encourages his pituitary gland to make lutenizing hormone, which tells the testicles to produce more testosterone, and possibly more sperm. Men take clomiphene in cycles that last from three to six months. Clomiphene is less expensive and invasive than other fertility treatments, and can be a good first line of defense against infertility.More »
Last Modified: 2012-09-24 | Tags »
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Trouble conceiving can sometimes lead couples to consider the fertility shot. Learn all about fertility shot facts and how it can help.
Transcript: If you're looking to kick-start your conception, you might want to know about the fertility shot. When...
If you're looking to kick-start your conception, you might want to know about the fertility shot. When you receive "the fertility shot," you are injected with gonadotropin, a drug which is often sold under brand names like Pergonal and Fertinex. Because the full name for gonadotropin is Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, the fertility shot is sometimes called the "HCG" shot. Gonadotropins may be administered to a patient if the fertility drug clomiphene does not help her to ovulate. They may also be used prior to in vitro fertilization. Men who are experiencing problems with their sperm may also be given gonadotropins. Although each form of gonadotropin is a bit different, here is how it generally works. You will be injected with the medication three days after your menstrual cycle starts every day for seven to ten days. The medication contains follicle stimulating hormone, or FSH, which will encourage you to produce several eggs instead of just one. During the time you receive injections, your doctor will monitor you to see when your eggs are mature. When this happens, you'll be given another injection of a slightly different medication,after which you will need to have sex or to be artificially inseminated. This treatment is more invasive and more costly than taking clomiphene, so it is a second recourse for conception difficulties.More »
Last Modified: 2012-10-12 | Tags »
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As a woman ages, her chance of getting pregnant decreases. Watch this video to learn more about the correllation between age and fertility.
Transcript: Having a healthy pregnancy, and a healthy baby, becomes increasingly difficult with age. Why? A woman...
Having a healthy pregnancy, and a healthy baby, becomes increasingly difficult with age. Why? A woman is born with all of the eggs shell ever have. After puberty, she begins to ovulate and releases one of these eggs every month. As she ages, therefore, her supply of eggs dwindles. This reduces her chances of being able to conceive. As a result, the likelihood of a woman getting pregnant in any particular month, under optimal circumstances, is about 25 percent for a woman in her 20s, 15 percent for women in their early 30s, 10 percent in the mid-30s and just five percent for women over 40. Another difficulty with pregnancy later in life is that the number of genetically normal eggs that a woman has decreases with time. This leads to a higher rate of miscarriage and a greater chance for genetic abnormalities in babies of older women. In fact, the odds of a woman in her 20s having a child with Down syndrome are about one in 1,200. In contrast, among children born to women over 40, one child in 38 has a genetic abnormality. While this can be difficult for women trying to conceive after the age of 30, other fertility options, like using donor eggs, are quite successful in later life.More »
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Considering artificial insemination? Watch this video to learn more about how this procedure works.
Transcript: Many couples have difficulty conceiving, and artificial insemination is a commonly used method to help...
Many couples have difficulty conceiving, and artificial insemination is a commonly used method to help them to get pregnant. Artificial insemination, or intrauterine insemination as it is known today, involves inserting your partner's sperm directly into your uterus. This procedure may be used when a man has a low sperm count, or sperm that are weak swimmers. IUI may also be an option for a woman who has an abnormal uterine growth or endometriosis. Here's how IUI works: Your doctor uses a blood test to ensure that you're ovulating. Once it's confirmed that you're releasing an egg, your partner produces a fresh sample of sperm. The sperm are then "washed," a procedure that enhances the likelihood of fertilization by collecting the most active sperm. At this point, the sperm are placed in a catheter and inserted through the vagina into the uterus. This helps the sperm to bypass any possible obstructions, and makes it easier for them to reach your egg. This procedure won't take more than thirty minutes, and may feel similar to a Pap smear. After IUI is complete, you will be sent home to wait and see if you're pregnant. While artificial insemination is not successful for all couples, for some, it can be an effective way to conceive a baby.More »
Last Modified: 2012-10-12 | Tags »
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Think getting pregnant is just a matter of having sex? Well, it's a lot more complicated than that. Check out this video to learn more about natural fertility boosters.
Transcript: Ready to expand your family? While your most vigorous efforts will probably come in the bedroom, you...
Ready to expand your family? While your most vigorous efforts will probably come in the bedroom, you may want to invest some energy in the kitchen, too. While you're trying to get pregnant, both mom and dad can make some easy nutritional and lifestyle changes that will help improve your chances of conceiving. A. Because shark's fins were said to look like the male organ B. and figs like the female's, early civilizations encouraged eating them to boost fertility. Unfortunately though, there's no one magic food that will lure sperm to egg. Practicing all-around good nutrition, however, can help. The more natural your diet, the better off you'll be! Think bright reds, yellows and greens for fertility-boosting foods. Salad greens, peppers, carrots, mangos and oranges are particularly rich in the folic acid, Vitamin C and other nutrients your baby-making bodies need. Whole grains like oatmeal and brown rice are also full of folic acid. This mineral can help conception and lower the chances that your baby will develop neural birth defects like spina bifida. While trying to conceive, be sure to consume lots of calcium, a mineral vital for mom and her baby to-be. Milk, orange juice, salmon and edamame are all great sources of calcium. To fill dietary gaps, both mom and dad need to take a daily multivitamin. Look for one rich in folic acid, calcium, iron and zinc minerals that give fertility a boost. As with any supplement, never take more than the recommended dose. Doing so can actually make you less fertile. There are also some foods and drinks you should avoid. Alcohol decreases fertility in women and studies have shown that it increases the amount of abnormal sperm produced by men. Also, cut back on the caffeine. More than 300 milligrams, or three cups of coffee, daily can decrease fertility and even trigger a miscarriage. How you eat is as important as what you eat. To ensure healthy weight gain and proper delivery of nutrients for mother and baby-to-be, don't skip meals or go on a diet. A. Under pressure? B. Couples with extremely high stress levels may have more difficulty conceiving than C. their calmer counterparts. This is because, in women, stress causes extra uterine contractions which can delay ovulation and even prevent a fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus. Stressed-out men may experience reduction in both sperm count and sperm mobility. While no alternative therapies have been proven to increase fertility, there are certainly many that reduce stress-and that can help lead to conception. Finally, an excuse to get a couples massage. Yoga is another excellent way to de-stress and get your doctor-recommended exercise at the same time. Look for a fitness center offering classes in prenatal yoga. It can help to shop for aromatherapy candles and bath products scented with lavender, sandalwood or sage. These scents stimulate the release of relaxing melatonin. Preparing for pregnancy with diet and stress-relieving exercises can help ensure that it occurs! Remember, always consult your doctor if you're planning to become pregnant.More »
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Think getting pregnant is just a matter of having sex? Well, it's a lot more complicated than that. Check out this video to learn more about boosting fertility.
Transcript: Before you try to get pregnant, it will help to be familiar with your personal menstrual cycle. Believe...
Before you try to get pregnant, it will help to be familiar with your personal menstrual cycle. Believe it or not, you can ONLY conceive during your small fertile window, which occurs during each cycle, on the five days before, and the actual day of, ovulation. During ovulation, the ovary sends a mature egg through the fallopian tube and into the uterus, where it can be fertilized by your partners sperm. Egg release typically occurs in the middle of your cycle. You can determine your cycle length by noting the number of days from the first day of one period to the first day of the next. Keeping a menstrual calendar will allow you to know at a glance when your fertile window opens. In addition to watching your period, it can help to watch what you eat! A nourishing diet complemented with a multi-vitamin supplement increases your chances of conceiving by correcting any hormone imbalances you may have. Diet is important for other reasons, as well. Extra weight can cause the release of excess female hormones, resulting in a disrupted menstrual cycle and infrequent ovulation. For this reason, it can help to supplement your diet with a smart exercise regimen. Aim for thirty minutes a day, five times a week. Keep in mind, however, that weighing too little can lessen hormone production, with the same fertility-interfering result. So talk to your doctor regarding an ideal weight for you. Watching what you drink is almost as important as watching what you eat. Women who drink more than 300 milligrams (about three cups) of caffeine daily tend to have a harder time conceiving than those who dont. Youll also want to keep alcohol-intake to a minimum. More than two alcoholic drinks a day can impair fertility, because alcohol alters the levels of estrogen in your body, in turn, interfering with egg implantation in the uterus. Now is also a great time to cut out cigarettes. Toxins from the smoke can damage your eggs, alter the release of hormones, and decrease the ability of the embryo to implant. But there ARE fun parts about preparing to conceive. Get ready to relaxguilt free! Studies have shown that women experiencing psychological stress are less likely to conceive, because these feelings can alter your bodys hormone production. While youre relaxing, why not try some yoga? Its thought that certain yoga positions can increase your fertility by specifically targeting the reproductive organs and increasing the flow of blood to your pelvis, while other poses can stimulate your ovaries. Finally, make love! Of course, youre doing this already when youre trying to make a baby. But women who engage in regular intercourse have steadier ovulation patterns and increased estrogen production. Missionary is the best position to use if youre trying to conceive. Your partners penetration will be deeper and gravity will work in your favor, enhancing sperm movement towards the egg. Fertility experts also agree that lying down and elevating your hips for a few minutes after intercourse increases the chances of sperm reaching your egg. While many women have trouble conceiving, these tips can help. But remember to discuss any diet or exercise changes with your doctor before proceeding!More »
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Becoming preganant is not so easy for some women. Learn more about female infertility by watching this video.
Transcript: Infertility is medically defined as the inability to become pregnant after one full year of trying. When...
Infertility is medically defined as the inability to become pregnant after one full year of trying. When a female is infertile, it is usually because there is something wrong with her reproduction system. Let's take a closer look at the female reproductive system, which begins with the vagina, a muscular organ that connects to the cervix, the opening of the uterus, or womb. The uterus, or can expand to accommodate a growing fetus. The ovaries produce, store, and release eggs into two fallopian tubes in the upper corners of the uterus during ovulation. The egg can then fertilized by a man's sperm. Based on this complex reproductive system, the causes of female infertility can be separated into distinct categories: ovulatory, cervical, uterine, and pelvic, which refers to problems in the fallopian tubes. Ovulation difficulties can occur if a woman releases excessive male hormones, called androgens, or if she makes too much prolactin, the hormone that encourages breast milk production. Severe physical or psychological stress can also disrupt ovulation, or even stop it completely, making conception difficult. A damaged cervix is another difficulty that makes it hard for sperm to enter. Sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia and gonorrhea can both infect the cervix and cause infertility. Cervical mucous, which is produced before ovulation to assist with sperm movement, can also be a source of infertility. If a woman makes too little mucous, or if her mucous reacts negatively with her partner's sperm, it will be unable to reach her egg. The pelvic, or tubule, area is another region that can suffer from abnormalities that lead to infertility. Normal scar tissue, distorted fallopian tubes and benign tumors are examples of disruptions to this area. Another common pelvic condition is endometriosis, whereby the tissue lining in the uterus grows outside of it. This can lead to a build-up of tissue that blocks the fallopian tubes or ovaries, making pregnancy difficult. The primary cause of pelvic infertility, however, is pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID. Like cervical damage, PID follows from sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia. Conditions relating to the uterine lining make up the final grouping of fertility problems. Uterine polyps and uterine fibroids are typically benign, fleshy growths that grow on the inside, or around the opening of, the uterus. They can cause distortion in the lining of the uterus, in turn interfering with egg implantation. Although female infertility is often due to a problem like these, age plays a role, too, because a woman's finite supply of eggs begins to decline after the age of 30. The female reproductive system is incredibly intricate, and doesn't always work the way it should. If you are having difficulty conceiving, talk to your doctor about possible causes and treatment options.More »
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Endometriosis is a condition that affects many women and its symptoms can be tricky to spot. Watch this video to gain a better understanding of endometriosis.
Transcript: Endometriosis occurs when tissue that looks and acts like the lining of the uterus actually grows in...
Endometriosis occurs when tissue that looks and acts like the lining of the uterus actually grows in other areas of the pelvic region. Because this condition is one of the leading causes of infertility, it helps to be familiar with endometriosis. The tissue that lines the uterus, or womb, is called the endometrium. Every month, female hormones cause the endometrium of a woman's uterus to build up with tissue and blood in preparation for pregnancy. If pregnancy doesn't occur, the uterus sheds this built-up lining via the vagina as a menstrual period. Although this process occurs in women with endometriosis as well, it's a bit more complicated. That's because women with endometriosis have patches of endometrium that grow OUTSIDE the uterus, in places like the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the bowels, or the bladder. This misplaced tissue responds to the monthly cycle just as the endometrium does. Each month, the patches, or plaques, grow thicker. As the tissues affected don't have a natural "exit route," there is no place for the build-up to leave the body at the cycle's end. These endometriotic plaques can grow larger over time, and the symptoms can worsen. A symptom suggestive of endometriosis is chronic pelvic pain that tends to be worse during menstruation or ovulation. Other symptoms include very painful or heavy menstrual periods, pain during or after sex, and uncomfortable urination or bowel movements during menstruation. Contrarily, some women have no symptoms at all. Infertility is another sign that can suggest that endometriosis is present. Indeed, some women do not realize they have endometriosis until they attempt to conceive and cannot do so. Endometriosis can lead to infertility because it may cause scarring or blockage of the body's fallopian tubes, which are necessary to transport eggs from the ovaries to be fertilized. Because infertility-causing endometriosis tends to show up most frequently in women who are of childbearing age, the condition can become a concern. Unfortunately, no one has identified endometriosis's exact cause, although a genetic link is often theorized. In fact, women with a first degree relative, like a mother or sister with the disease are six times more likely to have endometriosis. Some doctors theorize that endometriosis is caused when normal menstrual debris flows into the pelvis, a fairly common condition called retrograde menstruation. In women with endometriosis, however, the debris takes root and grows into misplaced patches, or plaques, of endometrial tissue. Regardless of the cause, there is currently no cure for endometriosis. However, medication can help to ease the pain and menstrual symptoms that can accompany the condition. In addition, surgery aimed at removing the build-up may assist women with infertility-causing endometriosis, as well as patients with very severe cases. Endometriosis is very common, and the symptoms of the condition ARE treatable. If you have concerns about endometriosis, please make an appointment to discuss them with your doctor.More »
Last Modified: 2012-10-09 | Tags »
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Calculating your due date is simple if you remember the date of your last period. Watch this video to find out how this date is important in the calculation.
Transcript: Congratulations-you're pregnant! But how will you know when to expect your bundle of joy? Once your pregnancy...
Congratulations-you're pregnant! But how will you know when to expect your bundle of joy? Once your pregnancy has been confirmed, what you most want to know is your due date. Luckily, calculating your baby's due date is pretty easy to do at home. The average length of a pregnancy is 40 weeks, or 280 days, from the FIRST day of the LAST menstrual period, or LMP. Calculating the due date, or expected date of delivery, for a pregnancy is quite simple, then, if you know that date. Simply add nine months and seven days to the date, and you've got your pregnancy due date.Here's an example of how it works: say the first day of the last normal menstrual period was February 1st. Add seven days to that number, and you get February 8th. Add nine months, and you get November. The expected due date of that pregnancy, then, is November 8.Many factors play into determining the exact day you may have conceived. If your cycle length is irregular, you may not be able to use the first day of your last menstrual period as a marker. And similarly, if you have no idea when your last period was, don't worry!In these types of circumstances, your doctor will likely use an early ultrasound to measure the fetus' size and thus determine its gestational age. You may be wondering why you use your period, and not the day you CONCEIVED the baby, as a starting point. This is because it's rarely possible to gauge the PRECISE day that you got pregnant. After all, your ovulation schedule may be unpredictable, and sperm can live inside you for a few days. Remember, though, that your baby's estimated due date is just that-an estimate. In fact, only 5% of babies make their debut on the EXACT day predicted for their birth! So don't worry if your baby is born before or after that big X on your calendar.More »
Last Modified: 2013-04-15 | Tags »
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Got pelvic pain or excessive bleeding during your period? You could have endometriosis. Find out what this condition is by watching this video.
Transcript: Endometriosis is a disorder that gets its name from the endometrium, which is the tissue that lines the...
Endometriosis is a disorder that gets its name from the endometrium, which is the tissue that lines the uterus. In endometriosis, this tissue ALSO grows outside of the uterus on various organs like: the ovaries, fallopian tubes, intestines, and tissue lining the pelvis. In mild cases of endometriosis, this abnormal growth may not cause any problems for a woman. But many women DO have symptoms like pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis. Such discomfort may be chronic, or come and go in waves. Women with the condition may also notice discomfort during sex, while ovulating, or during a bowel movement or urination. In addition, endometriosis may cause excessive bleeding during periods, or bleeding and spotting in BETWEEN periods. Fertility problems are another symptom of endometriosis, with approximately one-third to one-half of women with this condition experiencing difficulty getting pregnant. To see why endometriosis causes these problems, it's necessary to look at the menstrual cycle. Once per cycle, a woman's hormones instruct the lining of her uterus to bulk up with tissue and blood in preparation for pregnancy. If she does not get pregnant, this tissue and blood is shed through the cervix and vagina as her period. Endometriosis causes problems because the implants outside of the uterus also respond to the menstrual cycle,thickening, breaking down, and bleeding. But this process occurs outside of the uterus which means there's nowhere for this blood to go. As such, it becomes trapped in the body. Over time, this can lead to scarring and fluid filled cysts. Doctors aren't sure why endometriosis occurs, but they do know that the condition runs in families. In fact, if a woman's sister or mother is diagnosed with endometriosis, she is six times more likely to develop the condition. Additionally, the reproductive hormone estrogen can make symptoms of endometriosis worse. For this reason, the condition is most prevalent in women in their late teens to early 40's. Other factors that increase endometriosis risk, include: periods that last more than 7 days, never having children, and previous infection in the pelvic region. While endometriosis is disheartening, there are treatment options that can help. To learn more about them, watch other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-08-29 | Tags »
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